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Commission at a Glance: How We Operate


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Strategic Response

The Commission's updated Strategic Plan was published in February 2011 and is located at http://www.cftc.gov/reports/strategicplan/2015/index.htm. It integrated the expanded responsibilities under the Dodd-Frank Act. As a set of guiding principles for implementing new regulatory and mission activities, this plan provides direction during a time of uncertainty. These strategic goals were constructed in a focused way, lending credence to unifying goals found within the CEA and Dodd-Frank Act.

The CFTC organizational programs support the strategic plan goals through nine key mission activities identified by the Commission.

Arrow chart reflecting CFTC organizational programs (people) supporting the strategic plan goals (results) through nine key mission activities (work).

The Commission's strategic goals are defined on page 30 in the Summary of Performance. In FY 2012, the Commission spent $115.7 million conducting mission activities in support of the Commission's top four strategic plan goals and spent $83.2 million conducting mission support activities in support of regulatory and organizational excellence.

Mission and Mission Support Activities Cost and Staffing for Fiscal Year 2012
Strategic Goals (Abbreviated)

Strategic Goal 1: Market Integrity

Strategic Goal 2: Financial Integrity

Strategic Goal 3: Robust Enforcement

Strategic Goal 4: Cross-Border Cooperation

2012 Mission Activities Dollars in Millions FTE
1. Registration and Registration Compliance $10.1 32
2. Product Reviews $5.2 19
3. Surveillance, including Data Acquisition and Analytics $42.2 118
4. Examinations $17.3 76
5. Enforcement $37.9 165
6. International Policy Coordination $3.0 14
Strategic Goals (Abbreviated)

Strategic Goal 5: Regulatory and Organizational Excellence

2012 Mission Support Activities Dollars in Millions FTE
1. Economic and Legal Counsel $25.4 108
2. Data Infrastructure and Technology Support $31.1 38
3. Agency Direction, Management and Administration $26.7 117
TOTAL $198.9 687


Mission Activities



Registration and Registration Compliance

The Commission performs a thorough review of the registration applications of all entities seeking to be registered as DCMs and DCOs. Multi-disciplinary review teams of attorneys, industry economists, trade practice analysts and risk analysts ensure that the Commission undertakes a thorough analysis of such applications to ensure compliance with the applicable statutory core principles and Commission regulations. Site visits may be required to validate needed technical and self-regulatory capabilities.

Product Reviews

The Commission reviews new product filings as well as issuing no-action letters related to product issues. The CFTC's traditional scope of work includes reviewing new futures and options contract filings, reviewing contract rule submissions, and developing new rules and policies to accommodate innovations in the industry. Currently, the Commission conducts due diligence reviews of new contract filings to ensure that the contracts are not readily susceptible to manipulation or price distortion, and that the contracts are subject to appropriate position limits or position accountability. The Commission also analyzes amendments to contract terms and conditions to ensure that the amendments do not render the amended contracts readily susceptible to manipulation and do not otherwise affect the value of existing positions.

Surveillance, including Data Acquisition and Analytics

The Commission performs three broad types of surveillance: market and trade practice, financial and risk, and business analytics. The Commission monitors trading and positions of market participants on an on-going basis. Commission staff screen for potential market manipulations and disruptive trading practices, as well as trade practice violations. The Commission also monitors changing market conditions and developments, such as shifting patterns of commercial or speculative trading or the introduction of new trading activities, to assess possible market impacts on internal review techniques and/or evaluate the impact such changes may have on exchange trading rules and contracts. The Commission also conducts risk and financial surveillance of DCOs, clearing futures commission merchants, and other market participants such as swap dealers, major swap participants, and large traders that may pose a risk to the clearing process. CFTC also maintains a business analytics platform for performing data analysis. The platform allows staff analyzing industry data to keep pace with the continuing growth in industry data volume and complexity. The Commission established a Strategic Plan objective to ensure that information technology systems support the Commission's existing and expanded responsibilities to ensure financially sound markets, mitigate systemic risk, and monitor intermediaries.

Examinations

Examinations are formal, structured assessments of regulated entities' operations or oversight programs to assess on-going compliance with statutory and regulatory mandates. Regular examinations are the most effective method of ensuring that the entities' are complying with the core principles established in the CEA (as amended). Examinations are performed by multi-disciplinary teams of individuals, attorneys, industry economists, trade practice analysts, risk analysts and accountants depending on the scope.

Enforcement

The Commission protects market participants and other members of the public from fraud, manipulation and other abusive practices in the commodities, futures and swaps markets. Its cases range from quick strike actions against Ponzi enterprises that victimize investors across the country, to sophisticated manipulative and disruptive trading schemes in markets the Commission regulates including oil, gas, precious metals and agricultural goods.

International Policy Coordination

The global nature of the futures and swaps markets makes it imperative that the United States consult and coordinate with foreign authorities. The Commission is actively communicating internationally to promote robust and consistent standards and avoid conflicting requirements, wherever possible. The Commission participates in numerous international working groups regarding swaps, including the IOSCO Task Force on over-the-counter (OTC) Derivatives, which the CFTC co-chairs. The CFTC, SEC, European Commission and European Securities Market Authority are intensifying discussions through a technical working group. The Commission also is consulting with many other jurisdictions such as Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, and Canada.

Discussions have focused on the details of the Dodd-Frank rules, including mandatory clearing, trading, reporting and regulation of derivatives market intermediaries. The Commission's international outreach efforts directly support global consistency in the oversight of the swaps markets.

Economic and Legal Counsel

The Commission supports an in-depth, analytical research program that focuses on innovations in trading technology, developments in trading instruments, and the role of market participants in the futures, options, and swap markets. A team of specialized economists supports the Commission's numerous divisions by analyzing these constantly evolving components of markets to help anticipate and mitigate significant regulatory, surveillance, clearing, and enforcement challenges. Economic expertise is especially important for the development and implementation of new financial regulations related to the Dodd Frank Act and the oversight of a new swaps regime.

The Commission's legal services include: 1) engaging in defensive, appellate, and amicus curiae litigation; 2) interpreting the CEA; 3) providing legal advice and support for Commission Divisions; 4) drafting and assisting other Divisions in preparing Commission regulations; 5) assisting the Commission in the performance of its adjudicatory functions; and 6) providing advice on legislative and regulatory issues.

Data Infrastructure and Technology Support

The Commission's over-arching IT strategy is to increase the integration of IT into the Commission operating model, which is described in Goal Five of the Strategic Plan. This strategy has become increasingly more important and complex as the Commission's regulatory scope has expanded faster than its resources. In order to do this rapidly with the most practical investment, the Commission's approach is to manage data as an enterprise asset, promote and adopt industry data standards, give priority to services that provide the greatest mission benefit, architect services using small components that can be assembled and reassembled with agility, and deliver solutions in short, iterative phases. The first area of focus must be on data understanding and ingestion—particularly because CFTC has a unique imperative to aggregate various types of data from multiple industry sources across multiple markets, much of which is new to the Commission staff. Receipt and analysis of the first wave of registrant reporting will give Commission staff insight into the markets and business process, which can be used to firm-up requirements and designs for internal surveillance systems. Likewise, the same business analytics tools used for data understanding and ad hoc mining of mature datasets will also be used to automate transparency reporting.

Agency Direction, Management, and Administration Support

As stated in the CFTC's Strategic Plan, the Commission's ability to achieve its mission of protecting the public, derivative market participants, U.S. economy and the U.S. position in global markets is driven by well-informed and reasoned executive direction, strong and focused management, and an efficiently-resourced, dedicated, and productive workforce. These attributes of an effective organization combine to lead and support the critical work of the Commission to provide sound regulatory oversight and enforcement programs for the U.S. public. To ensure the Commission's continued success, continuity of operations, and adaptation to the ever-changing markets it is charged with regulating, the Commission must lead effectively and maintain a well-qualified workforce supported by a modern IT infrastructure and working environment.

 

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